The very idea of flying put together with human creativity and innovative thinking have brought in many revolutionary inventions in the field of aviation. The fastest flying machines are outputs of such constructive imaginations. These flying machines can be put under two different categories; the aircraft and the spacecraft.
The project called Helios was a joint venture of West Germany and the United States of America. Helios-A was the first spacecraft to go through the Sun's outer corona. this mission was launched by KSC's Unmanned launch Operations Directorate.
Stardust was a spacecraft that was launched way back on the 7th of February, 1999 with an objective of facing the comet called Wild-2 in January 2004 and thereafter returning the collected samples of the comet to the Earth. The Stardust returned with some samples of the comet with the help of a spongy cushion-like material called aerogel. It also took several pictures of Wild 2 and counted the number of comet particles that stroked the sun.
3. Apollo 10
The Apollo 10 mission was accomplished with a block II configuration spacecraft along with a Saturn V launch vehicle. It was the tenth mission of the series of flights which used Apollo-specification hardware. It was also the first flight undertaken by the complete spacecraft. the main objective of this mission was to confirm all the necessary aspects needed for a successful lunar landing mission.
The crew comprised of the Mission Commander Thomas Stafford, Command Module Pilot John W. Young, Lunar Module Pilot, Eugene A. Cernan. The back-up crew members were L. Gordon Cooper, Donn F. Eisele and Edgar E. Mitchell.
4. Rocket Sled
Specially designed for the V2 in the WWII, the Rocket sled test tracks could move with a speed of 6400 mph. They were later made famous by Lt. Col John Paul in the 50s with a test called the Gee Whiz.
The X-43 is the fastest hypersonic aircraft in the world. It can move with a speed up to 7000mph and measures 14 feet and 4 inches in length and 2 feet and 2 inches in height. It has a wingspan of 5 feet.
6. North American X-15
The X-15 flights were the first to make manned probes into the lower edges of space. It was first made on the 17th of September, 1959. Today, the No.1 X-15 is located in the Smithsonian Institution's National Air and Space Museum, the No.2 X-15 is in the National Museum of the United States Air Force ad the No.3 X-15 got destroyed in a crash.
The X15 measures 52 ft. 5 in. in length, 14 ft in height and spans across 22 ft. 5 in. It is 56,132 lbs.in weight. Moreover, it has a Reaction Motors XLR 99 rocket engine with over 50,000 lbs. of thrust.
7. MiG-25 Foxbat B
The MIG-25 Foxbat is the fastest fighter plane in the world specially designed for high altitute flights. This single seated medium range air interceptor was built by Russia's Mikojan Gurevich.
8. SR-71 Blackbird
The SR-71 Blackbird was designed by Clarence Kelly Johnson. This strategic reconnaissance aircraft took its first flight on the 22nd of December, 1964. The top speed of SR-71 Blackbird is Mach 3.5. It has fly at an altitude higher than 100,000 feet. Moreover, its range is 4,000 miles. The Blackbird takes only one hour to conduct a survey of 100,000 square miles of the surface of the earth.
9. Cessna Citation X
The Cessna Citation X is the world's fastest civilian aircraft. This charter jet runs on two Rolls-Royce jet engines. This jet can accommodate about 8-12 people along with 2 crew members. The Cessna Citation X has been manufactured by the Cessna Aircraft Company of the United States.
10. Westland Lynx
The Westland Lynx was the third amongst the helicopters involved in the British-French collaborative deal of 1967. It featured a semi rigid rotor, Westland deck lock and landing gears that can absorb high energy.