The tech world is advancing up explosively, so, many more advanced devices, technologies and services come up every year. Scientists at various universities and firms have invented many technologies, which would change the entire industry in a few years. Thus, it becomes so very important for us all to recognize these developments that'll pave our future. Here, therefore, we'll get you through to the ten best technology breakthroughs of 2011.
Flexible OLED display is a new technology. Researchers have successfully managed to build thin and bendable displays using light-emitting organic materials. This display can be put on any flexible materials including metal foil and plastic, thus making it bendable. Technology makers like Samsung, HP and LG are working to commercialize flexible display, which consumes less power and provides great efficiency, however. Samsung recently demoed a thin OLED (0.05mm) display.
Cloud computing, a facility to store data in cloud servers over internet has gained a big thrust this year. The arrival of Apple iCloud has certainly worked behind the new momentum. Mobile platforms like Google Andorid and Microsoft Windows Phone also highlight their cloud computing features today. Computer and mobile users can now store their data in cloud servers of service providers. On-demand music and video streaming services and app stores also work based on cloud computing.
Camera technology has gone through lots of notable advancements in 2011. Recently, a team of innovators at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology has developed a camera that can take images at the speed of light. The virtual slow motion camera from the team headed by Ramesh Raskar can capture photons travelling through air in huge clarity and slow motion. The developers showed up their invention by capturing the movement of light inside a bottle – from one end to the other.
OmniTouch is a technology from Microsoft to convert entire surfaces in the world to touchscreens. The technology makes use of projection and sound harmonics to make surfaces like palms, hand, tabletops and anything else to a smart touchscreen. Microsoft engineers have made use of Kinect technology and pico projectors to realize OmniTouch. Using shoulder mounted pico projectors, now you can convert any surface to a touchscreen to control our smartphone, gaming console and others.
The 3D printing technology took off this year. Researchers at the University of Southampton, led by Andy Keane, have printed a plane in what can be called a revolution in 3D printing. Indeed, 3D printing is to transform many industries like aircraft, automobile and several others. Engineers can now get 3D printouts of their aircraft and vehicle designs in a matter of days.
IBM engineers have successfully developed two brain-like silicon chips. It took six years and significant investment by IBM and DARPA to develop the computer CPUs with some innovative arrangement to imitate the neurons and synapses of human brains. Both chips are made of 256 digital neurons, which operate at 10MHz. These chips work as memory, communication controller and others. One chip contains 262,144 human-programmable synapses that can make it a human-like thinking CPU. In future, we will have some computers with the capability to think like humans.
In what should be a far-reaching development, researchers at the University of Illinois have invented a self-healing technology for electronic circuits. The technology can reinstate conductivity to a failed circuitry in a matter of microseconds. As of now, if some circuits in a chip stop working, users will have to change the entire chip. But the new technology helps the circuits inside a chip repair in case of any breakdown.
Virtual reality gaming industry has advanced further this year. Sony’s HMD virtual reality headset display, which was put on display at CES 2011, has marked the growth of virtual reality gaming. According to Mick Hocking, the head of Sony's stereoscopic 3D team, HMD is the best solution to enjoy virtual reality gaming. Users can enjoy great audio and video experience wearing in the gaming headset from Sony.
Brain Cap technology is a way to convert your thoughts to function a computer. Researchers at the University of Maryland have devolved the non-evasive brain computer interface. The technology makes uses of EEG (electroencephalography) to grab human thoughts and to convert them to propel a computer. The Brain Cap technology is from a team, headed by Jose 'Pepe' L. Contreras-Vidal, Associate Professor of Kinesiology.
Nanorobotics also has made some remarkable improvements this year. A couple of months back we saw an 18-atom single-molecule electric motor from nano engineers at Tufts University. Later, we found one more similar car from a single molecule from a team of researchers at the University of Twente in the Netherlands. Well, nanorobotics will bring some revolution in automobile and many other industries over the years.